JazakAllah khair for the post Ashes, but I think we need to let people know that there are different opinions ont his, what you have shared is one opinion, but there is the opposite to that also which i posted the other day, because im lazy, copypasta for those that didnt see it.
One school of thought is that yes, the rewards can be passed on to the deceased. This is based on 2 hadeeth, the first
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “When a man dies, his deeds come to an end except for three things: Sadaqah Jariyah (ceaseless charity); knowledge which is beneficial; or a virtuous descendant who prays for him (the deceased).” [Sahih Muslim]
So in this case while the person who passed away has their books closed and cannot gain reward through actions, those that read the Quran can ask Allah to pass the rewards on to that person.
The second is based ont he following haddeeth
bu Qataadah rahimahullaah reported that Allaah's Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "The best that a man can leave behind after his death are three things: a righteous child who makes du'aa for him, an ongoing sadaqah whose rewards continue to reach him, and a knowledge that continues to be implemented after him." (Ibn Maajah, and others. Verified to be sahih by al-Mundhiri and al-Albaanee).
Abu Qataadah rahimahullaah reported that Allaah's Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Among the good deeds that continue to benefit a believer after death are: a knowledge that he taught and disseminated, a righteous child who lived after him, a Qur'aan book that he left as inheritance a masjid that he built, a house that he built for the two wayfarers, a stream that he ran, or a charity that he gave from his wealth during his healthy lifetime so that it would reach him (in rewards) after death." (Ibn Maajah and others. Verified hasan by al-Mundhiri and al-Albaanee). Commenting on this, al-Mundhiri rahimahullaah said: "Some scholars say that the deeds of a human being end with his death. However, since he had caused these things (which are mentioned in the above hadiths), such as the earning of a child, disseminating the knowledge among those who take it from him, compiling a book that remains after him, or establishing a sadaqah, the rewards of these things continue to reach him as long as they continue to exist." ('Awn al-Ma'bud, 8:86)
So good deeds and bad deeds started by the person that has passed away will continue as good and bad even after that person has passed away. So if someone has encouraged another to read the Quran, even after they die, the person who is reading the Quran will inshAllah get the hasanat and the person they make the dua to pass the rewards onto will also.
When I asked about why there is conflict in regards to this, I was told the only school of thought which has any reall issue with this are wahabi\salafi.
| ! ||gengis wrote:|
|By no means did I mean to portray anyone as wahabi\salafi int his thread, if anyone misunderstood i apologise for that. My intentions were just to make clear what the different schools of thought say in regards to the subject. It is always up to you to read further and decide what is right for you based on the imam that you trust and follow and what they say. JazakAllah khair.|
Mustardy, you can read it just for Allahs sake if you like :)